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Carrots Used to Be Purple Before the 17th Century

Source: http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2010/04/carrots-used-to-be-purple-before-the-17th-century/

Today I found out, before the 17th century, almost all carrots cultivated were purple.  The modern day orange carrot wasn’t cultivated until Dutch growers in the late 16th century took mutant strains of the purple carrot, including yellow and white carrots and gradually developed them into the sweet, plump, orange variety we have today.

Before this, pretty much all carrots were purple with mutated versions occasionally popping up including the yellow and white carrots.  These however were rarely cultivated and lacked the purple pigment anthocyanin, which gave carrots back then their distinctive purple color.

It is thought that the modern day orange carrot was developed by crossing the mutated yellow and white rooted carrots as well as varieties of wild carrots, which are quite distinct from cultivated carrots.

Some think that the reason the orange carrot became so popular in the Netherlands was in tribute to the emblem of the House of Orange and the struggle for Dutch independence.  This could be, but it also might just be that the orange carrots that the Dutch developed were sweeter tasting and more fleshy than their purple counterparts, thus providing more food per plant and being better tasting.

Bonus Factoids:

  • It is actually possible to turn your skin a shade of orange by massively over consuming orange carrots.
  • Orange carrots get their bright orange color from beta-carotene.  Beta-carotene metabolizes in the human gut from bile salts into Vitamin A.
  • The origins of the cultivated carrot is rooted in the purple carrot in the region around modern day Afghanistan.
  • When cultivation of the garden style orange carrot lapses for a few generations, the carrots revert back to their ancestral carrot types, which are very different from the current garden variety.
  • In ancient times, the root part of the carrot plant that we eat today was not typically used.  The carrot plant however was highly valued due to the medicinal value of its seeds and leaves.   For instance, Mithridates VI, King of Pontius (around 100BC) had a recipe for counteracting certain poisons with the principle ingredient being carrot seeds.  It has since been proven that this concoction actually works.
  • The Romans believed carrots and their seeds were aphrodisiacs.  As such, carrots were a common plant found in Roman gardens.  After the fall of Rome however, carrot cultivation in Europe more or less stopped until around the 10th century when Arabs reintroduced them to Europe.
  • British gunners in WWII were able to locate and shoot down German planes at night due to the invention of radar, which the Germans knew nothing about.  To cover up the invention and extreme effectiveness of radar, the British spread about an urban legend that said that they massively increased the night vision of their pilots by having them consume large amounts of carrots.  This lie not only convinced the Germans, but also had a bonus effect of causing many British people to start planting their own vegetable gardens, including planting carrots.  This urban legend has persisted even to this day.
  • The largest carrot every grown was 19 pounds; grown by John Evans in 1998 in Palmer, Alaska.
  • The Vegetable Improvement Center at Texas A&M recently developed a purple-skinned, orange fleshed carrot called the Beta Sweet.  This carrot is specialized to include substances that prevent cancer.  It also has extremely high beta-carotene content.
  • Almost one third of all carrots distributed throughout the world come from China, which is the largest distributor of carrots in the world.  Following them on gross production is Russia and then the United States.
  • Although the orange carrot was not cultivated before the 16th and 17th centuries, there is a reference in a Byzantine manuscript around 512AD which depicts an orange rooted carrot, suggesting that at least this mutant variety of carrot could be found at this time.

Aprilie 23, 2010 Posted by | Today I found.. | Lasă un comentariu

Ierarhia motoarelor de cautare in USA

ComScore a publicat rezultatele unui studiu despre popularitatea motoarelor de cautare.

Studiul a fost realizat in SUA, in februarie 2010, si a relavat urmatoarea ierarhie:

  • Google, cu 65% din cautarile efectuate pe web, cu 1% mai mult decat in luna precedenta
  • Yahoo, cu 16,8%, cu 0,2% mai putin decat in luna precedenta
  • Microsoft, 11,5%, cu 0,2% mai mult decat in ianuarie
  • Ask ajunge la 3,7%
  • AOL constant, cu 2,5%
  • Bing, trece de la 8,0% cat avea la lansarea sa in 2009, la 11,5% in februarie 2010

In ceea ce priveste retelele sociale, studiul arata ca, raportat la utlizarile cotidiene, facebook inregistreaza o crestere de 22%, iar Youtube o crestere de 7,2%.

Martie 22, 2010 Posted by | WEB | Lasă un comentariu

Google pe sticla

Potrivit New York Times, Google s-a asociat cu Intel si Sony, in vederea conectarii serviciilor de TV  la Internet. O initiativa indrazneata, daca tinem cont de tentativele mai putin reusite ale  altor grupuri informatice.

Mai intai am avut internet pe desktop, apoi internet mobil pe notebook si telefoanele portabile. Google ne mai pregateste o surpriza: Google TV

Google TV va fi integrat in decodoarele de televiziune prin cablu si in terminale, permitand astfel accesul la Internet direct de pe televizorul de acasa.  Cand spunem acces la Internet, ne referim la toate functionalitatile acestuia, de la simpla navigare, la download sau rulare de aplicatii.

Insa miza pare a fi alta, potrivit unui responsabil al proiectului citat de New York Times. Prin multiplicarea metodelor de conectare la Internet, Google vizeaza de fapt castigarea de spatiu publicitar. Pare veridic, stiut fiind faptul ca  reclamele de tip adwords/PPC reprezinta principala sursa de profit Google.

In ciuda concurentei web-ului si a telefoniei mobile, consumatorii petrec in medie 3h12 minute pe zi in fata micilor ecrane. Conform unui studiu

Eurodata TV Worldwide, publicat joi, 18 martie, aceasta cifra este in continua crestere. Potrivit aceluiasi studiu, USA detin recordul, cu o medie de 4h40 /zi, urmata de Franta cu 3h24 / zi. Daca TV ar fi conectat la Internet, tot acest timp ar trece in „conturile” Google.

Pentru a se delimita de Apple si Microsoft, care au testat deja terenul de codoarelor TV, Google TV se va baza pe un sistem de exploatare de tip Android, sistem care exista deja pe terminalele de telefonie mobila.  Aparatele vor fi alimentate de un procesor Atom de la Intel, iar navigarea se va face prin Google Chrome.

Perspectiva Internetului prin TV poate fi una deosebit de imbucuratoare pentru internauti, dar si pentru impatimitii de jocuri in retea. Navigarea va fi la fel de rapida ca zappingul, mai ales ca Logitech promite o telecomanda dotata cu o mini tastatura.

(vezi si  articolul original in limba franceza: http://www.lefigaro.fr/web/2010/03/18/01022-20100318ARTFIG00774-google-cherche-a-s-incruster-dans-les-teles-.php )

Martie 19, 2010 Posted by | SEO | Lasă un comentariu

Facebook si furtul de parole (articol HotNews 19.03.2010)

Cei peste 400 miloane de utilizatori ai retelei de socializare Facebook au devenit tinte ale hackerilor, in incercarea de a fura parole de conturi bancare si de a culege alte informatii confidentiale.

Mailurile ii informeaza pe utilizatorii Facebook ca parolele conturilor lor au fost resetate si ii invita sa deschida un atasament pentru a obtine altele noi. In cazul in care acest atasament este deschis, se descarca mai multe tipuri de programe periculoase, inclusiv unul de spart parole – a anuntat McAfee, al doilea producator de solutii antivirus din lume, citat de Reuters.

Managerul pentru cercetari de securitate si comunicatii al companiei McAfee se asteapta ca milioane de calculatoare sa fie infectate cu acest tip de virus, precizand ca hackerii au trimis, deja, zeci de milioane de spamuri care au ajuns in tarile din Europa, Statele Unite si Asia.

El a prezentat si continutul mesajului primit de utilizatorii Facebook: „Facebook password reset confirmation customer support – Confirmarea resetarii parolei pe Facebook serviciul clienti”.

Pe de alta parte, reprezentanti Facebook i-au avertizat pe utilizatori in legatura cu aceste mesaje inselatoare si le-au sugerat sa stearga aceste tipuri de emailuri si sa isi anunte prietenii pe care i-au facut in retea.

(de Sorana Mihailescu HotNews.ro)

Martie 19, 2010 Posted by | WEB | Lasă un comentariu

Locul INTERNETULUI in strategiile multimedia din 2009

investitii in media

Graficul investitiilor in media, in 2009

Potrivit unui studiu IAB si KANTAR MEDIA, cuantumul investitiilor brute in INTERNET a atins procentul de 8,2% in 2009. Aceasta crestere se datoreaza atat anunturilor de tip PPC, cat si strategiilor conjugate,  de tip multimedia.

In Franta, spre exemplu, cifra de piata, in ceea ce priveste publicitatea multimedia, este in 2009 de 25, 2 mil, ceea ce corespunde unei cresteri procentuale de 1,4% fata de anul precedent.

(sursa: http://www.journaldunet.com)

Martie 9, 2010 Posted by | Uncategorized | Lasă un comentariu

Optimizarea pentru motoarele de cautare si webmasterii

In sarcina cui sta optimizarea site-ului pentru motoarele de cautare? In sarcina proprietarului sau a webmasterului?

Februarie 15, 2010 Posted by | SEO | , , | Lasă un comentariu

Despre comunicare

Sa vorbim despre cum se vorbeste, sa vorbim despre comunicare

Eeste o invitatie pe care o lansez celor care vor ajunge pe acest blog, intamplator sau indrumati de catre altii.

Fara a dori sa restrang aria, mi-ar placea ca discutiile sa aiba ca si „obiective”/”teme” eficientizarea comunicarii, comunicarea online, comunicarea ca si solutie de iesire din criza (economica, sentimentala sic! sau ambele, sau altfel de ciza)

Ianuarie 25, 2010 Posted by | Uncategorized | , | 1 comentariu